Ultraviolet Radiation and Your Eyes

Ultra Violet rays are a natural part of our ecosystem, but they can be dangerous to humans without proper protection. UV rays can cause many problems for your eye health, including skin and eye cancer. Since UV rays can significantly impact your vision, you need to take preventative measures to protect your eyes against the hazardous effects of UV rays.


Your eyes are the most sensitive part of the body and can be significantly damaged even by minor issues. While the effects of the sun can impact your vision at any time, UV rays are more damaging in Spring and Summer because the UV index rises.


Let’s look closer at everything you need to know about UV rays and how they impact your vision.


What Are Ultraviolet Rays?


Ultraviolet rays or radiation is electromagnetic radiation that comes from the sun. Its wavelength is shorter than visible light. Still, they can also come from artificial sources. UV rays aren’t just damaging to human beings. They also have a significant impact on the environment, including depleting the Ozone layer.


How Do UV Rays Affect the Eyes?


Constant exposure to sunlight can increase your risk of eye disease and other problems because of the effects of UV rays. Here are some eye diseases that can be caused by overexposure to UV radiation.




If you continue to go outside in the sun without proper protection, you can develop cataracts over time. Although cataracts develop slowly over the years, constant exposure to the sun can speed up the progression of this common disease. Cataracts cause blurry vision because they cloud the exterior lens of the eye. Those with cataracts are also at an increased risk of developing eye cancer in the future. Cataracts can be surgically removed to restore your vision. Still, preventative measures to avoid these diseases are the best way to go.


Eye Cancer


Constant exposure to harmful UV rays can leave you at risk of more severe eye conditions like cancer. Since eye cancer can lead to complete loss of vision or worse, it’s imperative to adequately protect your eyes when you’re out in the sun. From infants to older adults, proper eye protection is an excellent way to prevent more severe eye conditions.




Overexposure to Ultraviolet rays can cause tissue growth on the corner of the eyes. This condition is known as Pterygium. With Pterygium, the growing membrane covers the white part of your eye over the cornea and negatively affects eyesight. Teens who spend a lot of time outside and people who work under the midday sun are more prone to Pterygium.




Snow blindness or Photokeratitis is a common disease caused by UV rays. Essentially, it is a sunburn that causes the cornea to become inflamed or burn on the corner of the eye. It is a severe condition that should be treated immediately to avoid more severe complications.


Protect Your Eyes


The best way to protect your vision from the harsh effects of UV radiation exposure is to wear sunglasses when you are outside. You can also invest in contacts and glasses with UV blocking elements.


Contact Antelope Valley Eye Care for More Tips to Protect Your Eyes


If you need adequate sun protection for your eyes, contact Antelope Valley Eye Care for help. Call today to schedule an appointment with our trusted eye doctor in Palmdale.

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